Customers want their applications to work correctly out of the box. If the product is full of bugs and glitches, people will reject it. The company that produces the defective release will suffer a major hit to its reputation. So, testing and quality control are of huge importance.
Software testers conduct many functional and non-functional tests. They conduct these tests according to the test needs. There are two ways in which testers can conduct tests:
- By conducting a QA manual test as written in the test plan.
- By conducting a QA automation test using different frameworks.
As the world is advancing, we are now using automation tools to make testing easy for us. It is normal to think that manual testing is almost obsolete. But there is no truth in this statement. Through this blog, you learn a few things about QA manual testing. You will get to know about a QA manual tester in healthcare. Also about what a QA manual tester in healthcare is supposed to do. Let us jump right into it!
Manual testing is a process that we use to compare the performance of a software component with the expected performance. We define these expected performance components during the initial steps of SDLC.
In manual testing, we test a product against practical and non-practical conditions manually. A quality affirmation group usually supervises it.
This method involves a little beta-testing. It is like running the application on many gadgets to discover possible deviations. The quality group uses some specific test cases to measure quality. It keeps a watchful eye on any possible defects in the application’s utility and outline.
Manual testing is a crucial technique to test software. A beginner can perform it without any tool or professional knowledge. You can perform manual testing even if you are a student. All you need is the basic know-how of testing a system. It is one of the important steps of software testing. Before going for automation testing, we must conduct a manual test of a new application or software.
Manual testing ensures the quality of an application or software. It does so by following the points mentioned below:
- Make sure that the application is meeting the defined needs of the system.
- Looking for any error or bug that may arise while using the app.
Using a manual test, the manual tester manually conducts application testing. manual testers execute the test cases and scenarios manually. They conduct the test without using ready-made tools. At last, they verify the results.
Types of Manual Testing
1. Unit Testing:
Unit testing is also known as Component testing or Module Testing. It is carried out to verify whether a particular module or unit of the code is working properly. It is performed by the developers in their environment.
2. White Box Testing
White-box testing is also known as glass box or transparent testing. It is an approach in which the QA is familiar with the internal code or structure of the application. It is primarily used for unit testing. White-box testing also covers specific techniques. These may include:
- Data flow testing
- Control flow testing
- Decision coverage
- Path testing
- And others
3. Black Box Testing
Black-box testing is a test approach in which the QA doesn’t have any knowledge about the underlying code or structure of the application. The QA interacts with the software application like an end-user. They test its functional and non-functional behavior. This helps to discover some bugs typically overlooked in the earlier stages.
4. Gray Box Testing
The gray-box test approach is the combination of both white-box and black-box testing. The main aim of this approach is to identify any bugs present either due to inappropriate usage or any structural flaws.
5. Integration Testing:
Integration testing is a mechanism of testing the software between two software modules. Integration testing is performed by various approaches called:
- Top-Down Approach
- Bottom-Up Approach
- Big Bang Approach
6. Acceptance Testing:
Acceptance testing is also known as pre-production testing. Along with the testers, end-users will also perform this testing. They validate the functionality of the application. After completing the acceptance testing successfully, formal testing is conducted. It decides whether the application is built according to the need.
7. System Testing:
System testing is a process of testing a completely integrated application. It helps to assess the system’s comfortability with its defined needs. It is also called End to End testing. It verifies the entire system to ensure that the application works as planned or not.
Manual Testing Process
As this is a beginner’s guide, we feel it important to describe the manual testing process. A software testing process includes a series of steps to ensure that the product has been thoroughly tested.
The first step is to gain a business understanding of the application. The next step is to create a test plan that can be used as a guidebook for the testing process. This test plan is created by the test manager or the QA manager.
After the test plan is drawn up, test scenarios and test cases are created manually. When the product is developed and comes for the QA, testers execute those test cases and log the status of test cases as ‘Pass/Fail’. When a test case fails, an issue or bug is raised. This bug is assigned to a developer who fixes it and the tester retests it. The cycle continues until all the bugs are closed.
Manual Testing Tools
It is one of the leading companies handling the tracking program issues. Due to its comfortable framework and personalizable features, Jira is good as a management tool. Working on Java is simple, yet at the same time complex, according to the user and type of the operation.
Trello is popular for its comfortable project management and efficient tracking of issues. Testers have the liberty of creating the problems available with a convenient-to-use setup. They can be further developed through some complex automation rules.
Zephyr antique spreadsheets, most accurately when integrated with the Jira. It improves the visibility of the test results. It is by providing a well-organized layout plan, ideal for most build types.
4. Sauce Labs
It is not only comprehensive. It is also a tool that focuses on a clean background demonstrated intuitive for the users. It provides constant cross-browser testing throughout a wide variety of devices and browsers. The distinct feature is feedback loop integration. This allows rapid and efficient exchanges across the development cycle.
5. Browser Stack
This testing kit is famous. It is preferred for its rapid loading of the live applications to real-world browsers. It preserves real-time. Even though the pages are not entirely operative. They will show the critical and required functions.
It is an essential and most widely used bug tracking tool. It tracks the bugs and prepares the bug report. We can also use it as a test management tool. We can easily connect it with other test case management tools like Quality Center, ALM, etc.
The MantisBT refers to the “Mantis Bug Tracker”. It is an online-based bug tracking system, and it is also a freeware tool. It follows the software bugs and is implemented in the PHP programming language.
Manual Testing Techniques
This guide for manual testing is incomplete without discussing a few important techniques. Although there are many software testing techniques. We are only listing down the most used testing ones that are essential to learning for every tester.
1. Exploratory Testing
Exploratory testing is not the type of manual testing, but we think of it as one of the strengths of the manual tester so we have covered it in a little detail. As the name implies, exploratory testing is the testers’ initial steps of experimenting with the software to get familiar with the features and functionalities of an application. The manual tester explores every feature of the system and observes its response to different inputs.
2. Usability Testing
Usability is a vague concept. Everyone here can come up with a definition that makes usability testing challenging. A few common grounds to measure product usability include the consistency, layout, and intuitiveness of the application. It guides the user and takes the user to what he is looking for. If you are going to perform usability testing, avoid the common mistakes people make.
3. Regression Testing
The regression testing technique is used to perform integration and system testing. Regression testing is focused on testing the existing functionalities. The functionalities that might have been affected because of any reason like:
- Bug fixing
- New feature
- Code change
Regression testing can take a lot of time for bigger applications. Hence, it is important to know how regression testing can be performed effectively.
4. Smoke Testing
Smoke testing is the type of testing which is focused on testing the big functionalities of the application. It is used for the final check when the release is to be handed over to the users or client. Ideally, smoke testing should not take more than 30 minutes.
Best Manual Testing Training For Beginners
Looking for ways to become a manual tester? Learning IT can be difficult unless you are passionate about it. You should be ready to polish your skill set timely. An ideal candidate must have the desire to become an expert professional. If you have it all, you can pursue your career in testing.
Although it is not the easiest career you can choose, it is worth the struggle. You can learn testing by taking different QA training. You can also learn how to test effectively in the working process.
Companies need professional manual testers. They must be able to perform mobile, desktop, and web application manual testing. Besides learning theory, you will also need to practice and get training. You don’t have to have a specific diploma or a degree. Thanks to these online training certifications we offer. You can start your career with a basic knowledge of IT.
Wolf Careers Inc. offers Manual QA Testing Training and other related training for tech enthusiasts. You can enroll in these training courses. Even if you do not have any related experience or education. There’s still a chance for you to start your career as a Manual Tester. Apply today and let your journey begin.
Manual QA Training
This course is designed for manual QA training. Through this course, Wolf Careers has made it easy to learn the concepts of manual QA testing. Basic manual QA testing concepts include:
- Test estimations
- Test plans
- Test cases
- Test techniques
- Test execution
- Testing types
- Test management
- Test summary report
- Bug report
We will explain all the concepts in detail so that you can understand them. The training course also includes templates for a test case, test plan, and bug report. You can use these templates for practicing to gain real-time experience.